Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335); brosei: Named for the late Barrie Rose, affectionately known as 'Brose' to his friends..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 480 - 1200 m (Ref. 124468). Subtropical
Southeast Atlantic and Southwest Indian Ocean: South Africa, southern Mozambique and Madagascar Ridge.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 38 - ? cm
Max length : 45.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 124468); 50.9 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 85 - 88. This relatively large linear-denticled lanternshark of the E. lucifer clade is distinguished from all other clade members, except for three species, by an anterior flank marking branch longer than its posterior branch; differs from its closest congener E. sculptus by an indistinct color gradation between the flank and abdomen (vs. a sharp demarcation between the flank and abdomen), a V-shape arrangement of ampullae on the ventral snout surface with evenly distributed dermal denticles (vs. U-shape with sparse denticle coverage, dorsal fins densely covered with dermal denticles (vs. sparse or mostly bare dorsal fins), higher vertebral count 85-88 (vs. 78-85), and spiral valve turn 11 (vs. 8-9) counts; differs from the other two closest species, E. lailae and E. lucifer, by a longer posterior flank marking branch extending to or beyond the end of the second dorsal fin free rear tip (vs. shorter branch not reaching the rear tip), an upper caudal lobe with a dark terminal band or spot, which is absent in these other two species, and biogeography with the new species occurring in the southern African region (vs. the central and western Pacific Ocean) (Ref. 124468).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ebert, D.A., R.W. Leslie and S. Weigmann, 2021. Etmopterus brosei sp. nov.: a new lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from the southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian oceans, with a revised key to the Etmopterus lucifer clade. Marine Biodiversity 51(53):1-17. (Ref. 124468)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100).