Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Percoidei
(Perchs) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Jordan & Brayton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 37°N - 34°N
North America: occurs only in the middle and upper Tennessee River drainage (Bear Creek in Alabama, and upstream) of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama in the USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 4.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits rocky pools and adjacent riffles of clear creeks and small fast rivers.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion