Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Emmelichthyidae
Etymology: Erythrocles: Greek, erythros = red + Greek, kleis, kleidos, anything used to close; collar bone (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Poll & Cadenat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 90 - 300 m (Ref. 2683). Tropical; 34°N - 17°S, 98°W - 14°E
Western Central Atlantic: South Carolina, USA and Bahamas to Venezuela; also from some islands in the Caribbean like Saint Lucia (Ref. 9626). Eastern Central Atlantic: Senegal to Angola (Ref. 6945); reported from Mauritania (Ref. 55783).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
Neritic species (Ref. 27000). Adults occur near the bottom, over sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 26999). Feeds on larger zooplankton. Marketed fresh or frozen; also used as fish meal and source of oil. Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 27000.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 13.8 - 24.2, mean 18 °C (based on 59 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00432 - 0.02536), b=3.07 (2.85 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 88.6 [55.6, 162.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.29 [0.78, 2.05] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.4, 19.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.257 [0.163, 0.418] g/100g ; Selenium = 62.9 [33.5, 127.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 25.5 [9.8, 66.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.02 [0.73, 1.45] mg/100g (wet weight);