Myxini (hagfishes) > Myxiniformes
(Hagfishes) > Myxinidae
(Hagfishes) > Eptatretinae
Etymology: Eptatretus: hepta (Gr.), seven; tretos (Gr.), perforated (i.e., with holes), referring to seven gill apertures on what would later be described as Homea banksii (=E. cirrhatus) [range within genus is 6-14 pairs of gill apertures]. (See ETYFish); strickrotti: In honor of Bruce Strickrott (b. 1964), pilot of the deep-submergence vehicle Alvin, who captured this and other mobile hydrothermal vent animals with a slurp gun. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 2100 - 2300 m (Ref. 74406). Deep-water; 37°S - 38°S, 111°W - 110°W (Ref. 74406)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
South eastern Pacific: East Pacific Rise vent site. Possible wider distribution 30° northward and depth range down to 2900m if the individuals filmed at Grommit, Oasis, and Yaquina vent sites are the same species.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.4 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 74406)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Slender body than other species, depth 2.9% TL (at pharyngocutaneous duct); paired and median ventral nasal sinus papillae both present, and 10 afferent branchial arteries
on the medial ventral aorta; slime pores: 18 prebranchial, 12 branchial, 70 trunk, 19 caudal, total 119; 12 gill pouches and apertures; pharyngocutaneous duct widely separated from the opening of posterior left gill apertures; 3 multicusps in anterior row and 2 in posterior row,
total cusps 46; paired dorsal nasal sinus papillae; eyespot absent; body coloration pink.
First record of a myxine record in a hydrothermal vent. Fourth record of a myxine species below 2000m (Ref. 74406). Known from one specimen only, the holotype (in 2007). Possibly, individuals filmed at Grommit, Oasis, and Yaquina vent sites pertain to the same species (Ref. 74406).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Møller, P.R. and W.J. Jones, 2007. Eptatretus strickrotti n. sp. (Myxinidae): first hagfish captured from a hydrothermal vent. Biol. Bull. 212:55-66. (Ref. 74406)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00200 (0.00093 - 0.00430), b=2.93 (2.74 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .