Myxini (hagfishes) > Myxiniformes
(Hagfishes) > Myxinidae
(Hagfishes) > Eptatretinae
Etymology: Eptatretus: Greek, epta = seven + Greek, tretos, -e, -on = with holes (Ref. 45335); luzonicus: Named for Bo Fernholm (NRM, Stockholm, Sweden).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; non-migratory; depth range 563 - 710 m (Ref. 95645). Deep-water; 7°C - ? (Ref. 95645); 20°N - 5°N, 116°E - 128°E
Western Pacific: known only from the type locality in the Philippines.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95645); 56.3 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species can be distinguished from its known congeners by the following set of characters: gill pouches 8 pairs; 3-cusp multicusps on the anterior sets and 2-cusp multicusps on the posterior sets of cusps; total cusps 47-51; prebranchial pores 13-15; trunk pores 49-55; total pores 84-88; a single nasal-sinus papilla in the middorsal surface of the nasal sinus (Ref. 95645).
The holotype was collected from the type locality over green muddy bottom at bottom temperature of 6.8°C, surface water temperature 28.3°C (Anonymous, 1910). Additional specimens from the Verde Island Passage were collected at 578 and 710 m, sediment type ranged from mud to sand (Ref. 95645).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mincarone, M.M. and J.E. McCosker, 2014. Redescription of Eptatretus luzonicus Fernholm et al., 2013, a replacement name for Eptratretus fernholmi McMillan and Wisner, 2004 (Craniata: Myxinidae), based on the discovery of the holotype and additional specimens from the Philippines. pp. 341-349. In Williams, G.C. and T.M. Gosliner, eds. 2014. The Coral Triangle : The 2011 Hearst Biodiverisity Philippine Expedition. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California 94118, USA. (Ref. 95645)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00204 (0.00095 - 0.00438), b=2.93 (2.73 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .