Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: known from the Guinean basins to the west of the Volta and from Côte d'Ivoire basins up to the Nipoué (=Cess) (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 5.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2801)
soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: last simple dorsal-fin ray smooth on hind margin; head elongate; scale formula 3.5-4.5/26-29/4.5; 2.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 12 scales around caudal peduncle; 7-8 branched dorsal fin rays; caudal peduncle deeper than B. anniae (ratio caudal peduncle depth/head length over 50%); two pairs of fairly long barbels; anterior barbel reaching to, or extending beyond, posterior half of eye; posterior barbel extending beyond hind margin of eye; lateral line complete and weakly depressed below dorsal fin; maximum reported size 105 mm SL; 3 large well defined spots on sides, 1st before level of dorsal-fin origin, 2nd slightly behind vertical line from last dorsal-fin ray, 3rd at end of caudal peduncle; average distance between centres 2nd-3rd spot/distance between centres 1st-2nd spot (= RDT) is 1.14-1.22; fins colorless in life; adults with larger spots (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Affinities: B. anniae (massive head, long and wider, dorsal shorter, smaller spots); B. tiekoroi (longer head, shorter dorsal, smaller spots, colored fins); B. traorei = sympatric with B. trispilos, (3.5 scales below lateral line, shorter barbels) (Ref. 2940).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G., C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and K. Traoré, 1988. État des connaissances sur la faune ichtyologique des bassins côtiers de Côte d'Ivoire et de l'ouest du Ghana. Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 21(3):221-237. (Ref. 272)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00531 - 0.01797), b=2.89 (2.73 - 3.05), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .