Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 23°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614)
Africa: widely distributed in the Nilo-sudanian basins, and known from the Bandama, Comoé (Ref. 81282) and Cross rivers (Ref. 81282, 81639).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81282)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: Mouth terminal; one pair of barbels or none (Ref. 81639). West African specimens usually without barbels, but some adults may have one or two more or less well developed pairs; anterior barbel missing or not reaching to anterior margin of eye; posterior barbel missing or not reaching to anterior margin of eye; last simple dorsal-fin ray smooth on hind margin (Ref. 81282). 2-3 large gill rakers followed by undifferentiated papillate tissue on lower limb of first gill arch (Ref. 81639). Scale formula 3.5-4.5/22-25/2.5-3.5; 1.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin insertions; 9-10 scales around caudal peduncle; lateral line usually incomplete; 8 branched dorsal fin rays (Ref. 81282, 81639). Lateral line deeply depressed below dorsal fin and lateral line scales deeper than other scales; maximum reported size 28 mm standard length; dorsal fin colorless; 3 small black spots aligned along middle of sides, one at end of caudal peduncle, other 2 below origin and below end of dorsal-fin base, respectively (but some of these spots may occasionally be missing) (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Maximum reported size is 2.4 cm TL (Ref. 2801).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lévêque, C., 2003. Cyprinidae. p. 322-436. In D. Paugy, C. Lévêque and G.G Teugels (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of West Africa Volume 1. Coll. faune et flore tropicales 40. Institut de recherche de développement, Paris, France, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris, France and Musée royal de l'Afrique Central, Tervuren, Belgium, 457p. (Ref. 81282)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00546 - 0.02648), b=2.96 (2.78 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .