Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468)
Africa: known from the basins of the Chad, Niger and Volta (Ref. 2940, 81282). Also reported from the coastal basins of Côte d'Ivoire (Ref. 2940, 81282) and the Cross River in Cameroon (Ref. 81639).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2940)
soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: mouth subterminal (Ref. 81639). Last simple dorsal-fin ray smooth on hind margin; scale formula 3.5/24-26/3.5; 2.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 8-9 scales around caudal peduncle; 8 branched dorsal fin rays; two pairs of long barbels; anterior pair of barbels reaching to mid-eye, posterior pair reaching behind posterior border of eye; lateral line complete and more or less horizontal; maximum reported size 38 mm SL; no black spot on dorsal fin; lateral-line scales marked with black spot, resulting in dotted color pattern (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Affinities: B. niokoloensis and B. zalbiensis (Ref. 2940). Maximum TL was recorded at 4.4 cm (Ref. 2801).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lévêque, C. and J. Daget, 1984. Cyprinidae. p. 217-342. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 2801)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00546 - 0.02648), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).