Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 19°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672)
Africa: known from coastal basins in Benin to Cameroon, Chad basin and Benue River system (Ref. 2801, 2940, 81282), Bagoé (Niger basin) (Ref. 2940, 81282). Also present in Ghana (Ref. 272), Côte d'Ivoire (Ref. 272, 2940, 81282), Senegal (Ref. 2940, 81282), Cameroon (Ref. 81282, 81639) and Equatorial Guinea (Ref. 81639). Report from the Chiloango (Ref. 120641) probably refers to E. trispilomimus.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57961); max. published weight: 5.00 g (Ref. 3799)
soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: mouth subterminal; two pairs of short barbels; anterior pair not exceeding anterior margin of eye, posterior pair not reaching to anterior half of eye; lateral line complete and horizontal or slightly depressed below dorsal fin; scale formula 3.5/22-27/3.5; 2.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 12 scales around caudal peduncle; 8 branched dorsal fin rays; last simple dorsal-fin ray smooth on hind margin; no color pattern on sides; black spot on dorsal fin, but tip of fin colorless; maximum reported size 65 mm SL (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639).
Affinities: belongs to ablabes group, distinguished from other West African Barbus by the dorsal fin spot. B. deserti (spot fully covering dorsal tip) (Ref. 2940). Maximum SL observed is 65 mm (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lévêque, C. and J. Daget, 1984. Cyprinidae. p. 217-342. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 2801)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00640 - 0.01713), b=2.88 (2.74 - 3.02), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .