Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Tripterygiidae
(Triplefin blennies) > Tripterygiinae
Etymology: Enneapterygius: Greek, ennea = nine times + Greek, pterygion = little fin (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Snyder.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 21 m (Ref. 27223). Temperate
Northwest Pacific: Japan including the Ryukyu Islands, China, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Viet Nam.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 117049)
(total): 16 - 18;
soft rays: 19 - 21. Dorsal fin: III, XIII-XV (modally XIV), 9-11 (typically10). Anal fin: I, 19-21 (rarely 19). Lateral line with 17-20 (typically 18) pored scales and 16-20 (typically 18) notched scales. Pattern of mandibular pore 4+1+4. Lobate supraorbital cirrus. Nasal cirrus bearing forked tips. First dorsal fin higher or same height as second dorsal fin. Female body coloration white with 4-5 brownish-red H-bars; males black with 2 white bars below junction of 2nd and 3rd dorsal fin with caudal peduncle. Caudal-fin rays bearing alternating white and reddish-brown marks. Supraoccipital sensory canal forming a flattened curve anterior to 1st dorsal fin.
Adults inhabit rocky shores. They feed on algae (Ref. 9137). Eggs are hemispherical and covered with numerous sticky threads that anchor them in the algae on the nesting sites (Ref. 240). Larvae are planktonic which occur primarily in shallow, nearshore waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Fricke, R., 1997. Tripterygiid fishes of the western and central Pacific, with descriptions of 15 new species, including an annotated checklist of world Tripterygiidae (Teleostei). Theses Zool. 29:1-607. (Ref. 27223)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.5 - 27.1, mean 23.9 °C (based on 263 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00244 - 0.01183), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 214 [88, 485] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.768 [0.378, 1.505] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [16.6, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.468 [0.204, 1.047] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.6 [6.3, 44.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.5 [1.4, 29.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.3 [0.8, 2.2] mg/100g (wet weight);