Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Encrasicholina: Greek, egkrasicholos, -os, -on = mixed with spleen; intermedia: Name from Latin 'intermedia' referring to this species having the intermediate number of gill rakers between those of E. punctifer and E. gloria.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic. Tropical; 12°N - 40°S, 15°E - 60°E (Ref. 116573)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Indian Ocean: South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya and India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116573)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: dorsal and anal fins possess two unbranched rays; pseudobranchial filaments 21-26 (modally 24); upper series of gill rakers 20-23 (20) on 1st gill arch, lower 26-28 (26), total 46-50 (46); upper series of gill rakers 13-14 (13) on 2nd gill arch, lower 23-25 (23), total 36-38; upper series of gill rakers 10-12 (11) on 3rd gill arch, lower 12-13 (13), total 23-25 (24); upper series of gill rakers 9-10 (10) on 4th gill arch, lower 9-11 (10), total 19-21 (20); prepelvic scutes 3-6 (5); posterior tip of the upper jaw not reaching to anterior margin of preopercle; length of first unbranched dorsal-fin ray 4.7-5.8% of SL (Ref. 116573).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hata, H. and H. Motomura, 2016. Two new species of the genus Encrasicholina (Clupeiformes: Engraulidae): E. intermedia from the western Indian Ocean and E. gloria from the Persian Gulf, Red Sea and Mediterranean. Raffles Bull. Zool. 64:79-88. (Ref. 116573)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00247 - 0.01115), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .