Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Encrasicholina: Greek, egkrasicholos, -os, -on = mixed with spleen; integra: Name from Latin adjective meaning 'untouched', not having been recognized or referred to earlier in any way, despite Encrasicholina being known for a long time..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic. Tropical
Western Pacific: Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 124514)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: dorsal and anal fns with three unbranched rays; branched pectoral-fn rays 11-13 (modally 11); pseudobranchial flaments 17-19 (18); gill rakers on first gill arch, upper limb 13-14 (14), lower limb 17-18 (18), total 30-32 (32); second gill arch, upper limb 10-11 (10), lower limb 16-17 (16), total 26-28 (26); third gill arch, upper limb 8-9 (8), lower limb 9-10 (10), total 17-19 (19); fourth gill arch, upper limb 6-8 (7), lower limb 7-9 (8), total 14-17 (15); gill rakers 3-6 (4) on the hind face of third gill arch; spine-like scutes on abdomen 4-6 (5); transverse scales 8-9 (8); exposed urohyal bony and no fleshy knobs; head short its length 25.9-27.2% (mean 26.4%) of SL; maxilla rather short, its length 17.1-18.3% (17.7%), the posterior tip just reaching to anterior margin of preopercle; lower jaw short, its length 17.5-18.7% (18.0%) of SL; orbit short, its diameter 6.7-7.8% (7.3%) of SL; snout short, its length 4.3-4.8% (4.6%) of SL; body rather deep, its depth 15.1-16.4% (15.6%) of SL; pelvic fn long, its length 9.3-10.2% (9.7%) of SL (Ref. 124514).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hata, H. and H. Motomura, 2021. Redescription of Encrasicholina oligobranchus (Wongratana 1983) (Clupeiformes: Engraulidae) and description of a new species of Encrasicholina from New Guinea. Ichthyol. Res. 68:277-286. (Ref. 124514)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00254 - 0.01136), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).