Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Emmelichthyidae
Etymology: Emmelichthys: Greek, emmelyes, -es, -es = harmonious + Greek, ichthys = fish + Greek,ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 86 - 500 m (Ref. 58489). Deep-water; 16°S - 43°S, 13°W - 167°W
Southastern Atlantic: Off western Cape coast in South Africa, Namibia and Tristan da Cunha. Indo-Pacific: Australia, New Zealand, St. Paul and Amsterdam islands. Emmelichthys nitidus cyanescens is found in the eastern Pacific.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 20.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115123)
A schooling species (Ref. 9563). Reported from between depths of 86 m (Ref. 58489) and 500 m (Ref. 5325). Juveniles occur near the surface, often with schools of clupeids while adults are found near the bottom in deeper water (Ref. 3394). Adults feed mainly on larger zooplankton (Ref. 3394). An excellent food fish; marketed fresh or frozen (Ref. 3394).
Asynchronous batch spawner with indeterminate fecundity (Ref. 115109). Spawns once every 3-5 days (Ref. 115109).
Heemstra, P.C., 1984. Emmelichthyidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3394)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 9.6 - 16.6, mean 13.1 °C (based on 101 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2.5; Tmax=8-21; batch Fecundity>1000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Low vulnerability (7 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 32.9 [18.5, 76.6] mg/100g; Iron = 0.561 [0.226, 1.140] mg/100g; Protein = 17.3 [16.2, 18.2] %; Omega3 = 0.224 [0.116, 0.434] g/100g; Selenium = 24.2 [9.3, 55.8] μg/100g; VitaminA = 9.23 [1.96, 42.53] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.444 [0.289, 0.684] mg/100g (wet weight);