Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Elopiformes
(Tarpons and tenpounders) > Elopidae
Etymology: Elops: Greek, ellops = a kind of serpent (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range ? - 50 m (Ref. 118623). Tropical; 22°N - 7°S, 26°W - 13°E (Ref. 118623)
Eastern Atlantic: West African coast from Mauritania to the Democratic Republic of Congo (Ref. 2844, 4445, 81265). It is often confused with Elops lacerta (Ref. 81265).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81265); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2683); max. published weight: 5.9 kg (Ref. 40637)
spines: 0. Diagnosis: Elops senegalensis is often confused with Elops lacerta, from which it is distinguished by a smaller number of gill-rakers on the lower limb of the first gill arch, being 11-15 vs. 17-19; and a greater number of small scales in the lateral line, 92-100 vs. 72-83 in E. lacerta (Ref. 2844, 81265).
Coastal pelagic species, occurring inshore and some way up the tidal rivers to the edge of the shelf (Ref. 4445). Feeds on fish and shrimps (Ref. 28587).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schneider, W., 1990. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa. Rome: FAO. 268 p. (Ref. 2683)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.8 - 28, mean 26.7 °C (based on 68 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5176 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00245 - 0.01290), b=3.02 (2.83 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.70 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 135 [76, 250] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.1 [0.7, 1.9] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.8 [13.4, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.436 [0.199, 0.903] g/100g ; Selenium = 64.1 [27.8, 149.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 19.2 [7.1, 49.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.3 [0.9, 1.9] mg/100g (wet weight);