Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Synaphobranchidae
(Cutthroat eels) > Ilyophinae
Etymology: Dysomma: Greek, dys, dyo = two + Greek, omma = eye; longirostrum: Specific name refers to its long snout.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 100 - 150 m (Ref. 39632). Temperate
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Pacific: Taiwan and New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106136)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 130. This species is characterized by the following: with pectoral fin; origin of dorsal fin above tip of pectoral fin, predorsal length 17.9-18.6% TL; without intermaxillary teeth; snout very long, its length 25.7-32.1% HL; jaw long and slender, upper jaw length 42.0-52.1% HL; anus posterior, far behind pectoral fin, preanal length 24.0-24.3% TL; trunk is moderately long, trunk length 9.7-10.3% TL; upper jaw with multiple rows of teeth on upper jaw; multiple rows of small teeth on lower jaw, those on inner row larger than the rest; vomer with 5 compound teeth; head pores: SO 5, IO 8 (2 between nostrils, 2 below eye, 4 behind eye), M 7, POP 2, AD 1, ST 0, F 1; lateral-line pores: predorsal 11, prepectoral 3-6, preanal 20, total ca. 77 or ca. 96, the last at 2/3 HL before caudal fin; MVF 14-24-130 (holotype only); colour of body uniformly brown when preserved (Ref. 39632, 106136).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chen, Y.-Y. and H.-K. Mok, 2001. A new synaphobranchid eel, Dysomma longirostrum (Anguilliformes: Synaphobranchidae), from the northeastern coast of Taiwan. Zool. Stud. 40(2):79-83. (Ref. 39632)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .