Teleostei (teleosts) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Dorosomatidae
(Gizzard shads and sardinellas))
Etymology: Dorosoma: Greek, doris = lance + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Meek.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 14°N - 11°N
Central America: Nicaragua (lakes Managua and Nicaragua and affluent streams or rivers) and Costa Rica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 24 - 30. Body moderately deep; belly with 15 to 18 + 9 to 12 scutes. Mouth relatively large; lower jaw comparatively long, upper jaw reaching to vertical from eye center. Last dorsal fin ray long, but less than distance from snout tip to pelvic fin base; anal fin moderately long. Scales small, somewhat irregular. A dark spot behind gill opening. Gill rakers fine and numerous.
Occurs in rivers and lakes. A filter-feeder, its feeding and breeding habits presumably similar to other Dorosoma species. More data needed.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00425 - 0.01868), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100).