Teleostei (teleosts) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Dorosomatidae
(Gizzard shads and sardinellas))
Etymology: Dorosoma: Greek, doris = lance + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Meek.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 21°N - 14°N
North America: Mexico (Río Papaloapan in southern Veracruz and Oaxaca) southward to northern Guatemala (Río Ucumacinta basin). Reported from Belize (Ref. 30499).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 102977)
soft rays: 17 - 38. Body moderately deep; belly with 18 + 10 or 11 scutes. Mouth small, inferior; lower jaw short. Last dorsal fin ray long, about equal to distance snout tip to about mid-pectoral fin; anal fin long. Scales small, somewhat irregular. A dark spot behind gill opening. Gill rakers fine and numerous.
Occurs in rivers, apparently not yet recorded in brackish water. A filter feeder. More data needed (Ref. 188).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00607 - 0.01892), b=3.03 (2.88 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100).