Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Diaphinae
Etymology: Diaphus: Greek, dis, dia = through + Greek, physa, phyo = to beget, to have as offspring (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 8000 m (Ref. 58018). Deep-water; 43°N - 27°S
Eastern Atlantic: between 30°N and about 19°N and between 7°N and 11°S (uncommon over the Mauritanian Upwelling Region). Western Atlantic: USA in the Gulf Stream to Brazil. Indian Ocean: 7°N and 23°S; Agulhas Current (Ref. 4066). Western Pacific: to 35°N in Kuroshio and Tushima currents. Eastern Pacific: 8° and 12°S.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - 7.7 cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
Oceanic and mesopelagic, found between 375-750 m during the day; between 40-225 m at night (maximum abundance at 100 m depth) (Ref. 4479).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.7 - 4.3, mean 2.3 °C (based on 6168 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00207 - 0.01160), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .