Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Diaphinae
Etymology: Diaphus: Greek, dis, dia = through + Greek, physa, phyo = to beget, to have as offspring (Ref. 45335). More on author: Ogilby.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 1500 m (Ref. 50610). Deep-water; 50°N - 58°S, 78°W - 153°W
Eastern Atlantic: Western Sahara to Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (Agulhas Water pockets). Western Atlantic: USA to Argentina; between 27°30'N and 35°56'S (Ref. 47377). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Eastern Pacific: Near Hawaii. Western Pacific: 36°N and 1°S southwards to East Australian Current. Western Indian Ocean: west of 70°E between 7°N-25°S, and in Agulhas Current to 37°S. South China Sea (Ref.74511).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 7.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
Oceanic, found between 375-750 m during the day and nyctoepipelagic at surface down to 125 m (Ref. 4479). Mesopelagic at 0-240 m at night, 315-1500 m during day (Ref. 58302). Seem to reach sexual maturity at a length between 5 and 5.5 cm (Ref. 47377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.7 - 18, mean 11 °C (based on 1106 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00392 - 0.02220), b=3.03 (2.82 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.29 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .