Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Diaphinae
Etymology: Diaphus: Greek, dis, dia = through + Greek, physa, phyo = to beget, to have as offspring (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 40 - 777 m (Ref. 56504). Deep-water; 50°N -
Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay including the Mediterranean to Liberia (uncommon between Morocco to Mauritania). Elsewhere in the Atlantic Ocean, south and east of 50°N and 45°W to 35°N, but east of 35°W to about 20°N. Indian Ocean: two specimens at 29°30'S, 64°56'E.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
High-oceanic, found between 225-650 m during the day and between 40-275 m at night exhibiting size stratification with depth and with adult females below 450 m (Ref. 4479). Depth range from 300-777 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Large juveniles, sub-adults and adults from the Mediterranean are known to be migratory (Ref. 4775).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.2 - 16.5, mean 14.1 °C (based on 226 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00396 - 0.02303), b=3.02 (2.81 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .