Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Diaphinae
Etymology: Diaphus: Greek, dis, dia = through + Greek, physa, phyo = to beget, to have as offspring (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 805 m (Ref. 13608), usually 450 - 500 m (Ref. 4775). Subtropical; 51°N - 40°S
Eastern Atlantic: Canary Islands (Ref. 6808), 20°N (inshore from 29°N) to about 10°S west of 0°, with disjunct distribution between 14°N and 8°N, but to 23°S east of 0°. Isolates north to off south-west Ireland (Ref. 4775). Western Atlantic: tropical areas but with expatriate extensions to 51°N and 45°S in western boundary currents [(apparently absent over a minimum region off Brazil) according to Ref. 4479 or 4775] (Ref. 4479, 4775). Very rare or absent in the Indo-Pacific.
Tropical Indian and Atlantic; east coast of South America (Ref. 47377).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 5.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479); max. reported age: 1.00 years (Ref. 4882)
High-oceanic and mesopelagic populations are found between 225-750 m during the day (maximum abundance at 450-500 m) and is nyctoepipelagic at surface down to 125 m at night (Ref. 4479). Pseudoceanic and pelagic populations are found in the upper 50 m at night (Ref. 4066). Feeding is acyclic in northwest Africa (Ref. 9198).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.5 - 13.9, mean 9.6 °C (based on 46 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00372 - 0.01620), b=3.00 (2.80 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 0.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.83-3.81; tm=0.7; tmax=1.2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .