Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Diagramma: Greek, diagramma = mark out by lines (Ref. 45335). More on author: Macleay.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the western Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41841); max. published weight: 6.3 kg (Ref. 41841)
Found in shallow estuaries and lagoons (juveniles) and along slopes, deep lagoons for adults, usually in large schools (Ref. 9002). At about 25 cm TL the body form changes from a long, round, caudal fin to the adult form, being a truncate fin (T. Turner, pers. comm., 2002).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Kuiter, R.H., 1993. Coastal fishes of south-eastern Australia. University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, Hawaii. 437 p. (Ref. 9002)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25 - 28.9, mean 27.7 °C (based on 608 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.00835 - 0.04555), b=2.95 (2.75 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (59 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 46.6 [15.8, 159.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.991 [0.320, 2.512] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.5, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.461 [0.156, 1.295] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.5 [6.5, 101.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.6 [4.6, 59.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.533 [0.236, 2.040] mg/100g (wet weight);