Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Danionidae
(Danios) > Danioninae
Etymology: Danio: From ‘dhani’, local Bengali/Bangla name for small minnows (Ref. 2031); dangila: 'dangila' is presumably a Bengali local name, but it lacks a proper reference (J. Müller, pers. comm., April 2021). More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Myanmar (Ref. 4832). Reported from Bhutan (Ref. 40882).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85009)
soft rays: 15 - 19;
Vertebrae: 34 - 38. Danio dangila can be distinguished from all congeners except D. assamila, D. catenatus, D. concatenatus, and D. sysphigmatus by produced first ray in pectoral and pelvic fins, large cleithral spot, and pattern of dark rings enclosing light interspaces on the side. It differs from those species by having vertically extended cleithral spot (vs. round in all other species), absence of complete anterior interstripe Ia (vs. present in D. assamila and D. concatenatus), round rings in series along side, width of dark perimeter of about same width as diameter of light centre (vs. elongate in D. assamila and D. sysphigmatus, with narrower perimeter in D. sysphigmatus), ring pattern usually extending onto caudal peduncle (present on part of caudal peduncle in D. catenatus and D. concatenatus, absent in D. assamila and D. sysphigmatus), and 32-34 lateral line scales (vs. 35-38 in D. sysphigmatus) (Ref. 101154).
Lives in mountain streams. Reaches to about 15 cm (Ref. 4832); reported to attain up to 8.3 cm SL (Ref. 41236).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kullander, S.O., 2015. Taxonomy of chain Danio, an Indo-Myanmar species assemblage, with description of four new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 25(4):357-380. (Ref. 101154)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00371 - 0.02139), b=3.05 (2.85 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .