Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Cyprininae
Etymology: Cyprinus: Latin, cyprinus = carp (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. High altitude
Asia: endemic to Erhai Lake in Yunnan Province, China.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 26563)
Body gray or yellowish black, top of body black and white on abdomen; scales on upper sides of body with markedly black spots. Barbels 1 or 2 pairs and rostral one degenerated or less developed.
Inhabits lake (Ref. 26563). Length type refers to body length (Ref. 26563). Stays in the open water area of the lake. Feeds mainly on zoobenthos, insect larva and plants. Spawning period from March to April. Local people call it "Chun-Yu" (spring fish), as it spawns early (Ref. 45563).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hwang, H.C., I.Y. Chen and P.C. Yueh, 1988. The freshwater fishes of China in colored illustrations. Vol. 2. Shanghai Sciences and Technology Press, Shanghai, China. 201 p. (Ref. 26563)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00252 - 0.01440), b=3.13 (2.92 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .