Teleostei (teleosts) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae
(Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: Cyprinodon: Latin, cyprinus = carp + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Fowler.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; non-migratory. Temperate; 10°C - 30°C (Ref. 12468); 36°N - 33°N
North America: found only in upper Red and Brazos River drainages in Oklahoma and Texas, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139); common length : 3.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits shallow, sandy pools and runs of headwaters, creeks, and small to medium rivers. Often found in extremely shallow and hot (to 37°C) water (Ref. 5723). Consumes midge and other insect larvae (Ref. 79012). Not a seasonal killifish. Is difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00593 - 0.03067), b=3.14 (2.95 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming tm<1).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).