Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenesocidae
Etymology: Cynoponticus: Greek, kyon = dog + Ponticus, Ponto, Latin = the Black sea.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range - 100 m (Ref. 5217), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Atlantic: central America and larger islands of the Caribbean to Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3793); max. published weight: 130.00 g (Ref. 118626)
Preanal lateral line pores 42-43; vertical and pectoral fins with black margin (Ref. 13608).
Inhabits bays and estuaries. Found over muddy bottoms (Ref. 5217). Feeds mainly on benthic animals (Ref. 3793). Marketed fresh (Ref. 3793).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.2 - 28, mean 27 °C (based on 260 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00085 (0.00048 - 0.00150), b=2.82 (2.67 - 2.97), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 99.7 [56.9, 170.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.762 [0.514, 1.272] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.7, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.377 [0.151, 1.077] g/100g ; Selenium = 102 [53, 219] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.91 [2.93, 31.12] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.05 [0.72, 1.54] mg/100g (wet weight);