Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Balitoridae
Etymology: thamicola: From tham, latin transcription of the Thai word for cave; cola from the latin colere which means to inhabit. More on author: Kottelat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical
Asia: Tham Susa and Tham Mae Lana in Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37846)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Absence of eyes; body naked, colorless; 15-16 branched pectoral rays; 10 branched pelvic rays; and two barbels at each corner of mouth (Ref. 37846). Lacks melanin (Ref. 42927).
Restricted to subterranean waters (Ref. 12041). Found on a ledge apparently climbing up a small waterfall about 0.6 km from the cave entrance (Ref. 37846). Prefers fast moving waters on rocky substrates (Ref. 42927). Lacks melanin, is anophthalmic and appears indifferent to light stimulus (Ref. 42927).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 1988. Two species of cavefishes from Northern Thailand in the genera Nemacheilus and Homaloptera (Osteichthyes: Homalopteridae). Rec. Aust. Mus. 40:225-231. (Ref. 37846)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00222 - 0.01301), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .