Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 41°N - 37°N
North America: in upper Potomac River drainage in Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia in the USA; and in Cowpasture River (in James River drainage) in Virginia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 7.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits rocky runs and pools of creeks and small to medium rivers, often near vegetation.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion