Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 47°N - 38°N
North America: Columbia drainage from Idaho, Wyoming and Nevada to Washington and Oregon in the USA; western endorheic basins including Lake Tahoe in Nevada and California, Humboldt River in Nevada, and Bear River in Utah, USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 4.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 4.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits rubble and gravel riffles of cold creeks and small to medium rivers. Also found in rocky shores of lakes.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00301 - 0.01449), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 3.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=181).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100).