Teleostei (teleosts) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails)
Etymology: Coryphaenoides: Greek, koryphaina = dolphin fish + Suffix oides = similar to (Ref. 45335); armatus: From 'cyklos' meaning circle and 'lepis' meaning scale (Ref. 6885).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 282 - 5180 m (Ref. 50610). Deep-water; 65°N - 61°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 1371)
Worldwide: marginal to the Southern Ocean (Ref. 5171).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 102 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371)
soft rays: 115. The head is large; the eyes also large. The snout is elongated, somewhat conical; the mouth is small and inferior. The body tapers from behind the first dorsal fin. The light organ extends past midway between the anal origin and the ventral insertion. Color is uniformly brownish, except for the abdomen which is bluish.
A deep-slope upper continental rise species, common in deep waters of most oceans (Ref. 1371). Bathypelagic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on a variety of benthic invertebrates (especially crustaceans and holothuroids) when young, switching to primarily mesopelagic and bathypelagic fish, and sea urchins and cephalopods as adults (Ref. 1371). Sex ratio was 2.6:1 male to female (n = 449) in the Rockall Tough, N.E. Atlantic (Ref. 40742).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 1.9 - 5.1, mean 3.3 °C (based on 3307 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00111 - 0.00431), b=3.20 (3.03 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.52 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100).