Teleostei (teleosts) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Cichla: Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Orinoco River basin, tributaries of the Orinoco River, and the Casiquiare River in Venezuela. Probably occurs in Colombia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 28 - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); max. published weight: 3.0 kg (Ref. 40637)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosis: Juveniles have an uninterrupted dark band along middle of side, young and adults are uniquely distinguished among species of Cichla by the color pattern with lateral band transformed to row of irregular dark blotches and six or seven narrow dark vertical bars across side below dorsal fin (corresponding in position to bars 1, 1a, 2, 2a, 3, additional bar below end of soft dorsal in base, and occasionally one anteriorly on caudal peduncle). The adults with several small black blotches posterior to the orbit and on gill cover. All sizes with no light spots on the side (vs. present in most other species of Cichla). Lateral line almost always continuous; scales in E1 row 96-108 (Ref. 57716).
Often captured near submerged rocks or woody structure in the primary river channel within or near swift current. Diurnal piscivore. Feeds mainly on fish (Ref. 27531).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kullander, S.O. and E.J.G. Ferreira, 2006. A review of the South American cichlid genus Cichla, with descriptions of nine new species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 17(4):289-398. (Ref. 57716)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00804 - 0.02483), b=3.03 (2.88 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.71 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 2.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.4).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100).