Teleostei (teleosts) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Melanostomiinae
Etymology: Chirostomias: Greek, cheir = hand + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Regan & Trewavas.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range ? - 500 m (Ref. 5951). Deep-water; 45°N - 20°N
Eastern Atlantic: Spain south to Mauritania. Western Atlantic: USA to Cuba. Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4468)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 22 - 26. Body slender, compressed, much deeper than wide. Barbel short. Stem of barbel black or dark brown, basal portion of bulb black, terminal luminous portion and filaments yellowish. Postorbital photophore absent in males, present in males. Black, with greenish or bluish bronze iridescence on anterior parts of sides (Ref. 37473).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gibbs, R.H. and M.A. Barnett, 1990. Melanostomiidae. p. 308-337. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4468)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 11.5 - 19.3, mean 13.8 °C (based on 22 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00121 - 0.00787), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 26 [6, 111] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.425 [0.131, 1.408] mg/100g ; Protein = 3.06 [0.00, 7.01] % ; Omega3 = 0.172 [0.053, 0.606] g/100g ; Selenium = 7.76 [1.93, 30.84] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 59.7 [7.7, 460.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.52 [0.23, 1.28] mg/100g (wet weight);