Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Stichaeidae
(Pricklebacks) > Chirolophinae
Etymology: Chirolophis: Greek, cheir = hand + Greek, lophos = crest (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Jordan & Williams.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 20 - 80 m (Ref. 51666). Temperate
Eastern Pacific: Aleutian Islands, Alaska to San Miguel Island, southern California, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
(total): 53 - 55;
soft rays: 37 - 42. Caudal rounded (Ref. 6885). Color variable- males brownish, sometimes with a red tinge; pale spots rimmed with darker on sides of body; spots fainter, smaller, and more numerous dorsally on sides; light on lower part of head with several brown streaks; white on pelvic fins and anterior part of anal fin; other fins with brown pigment spots in bands forming faint bars. Females nearly plain brown on body; in line spread along middle of dorsal fin about 13 dark spots each surrounded by a clear area to form prominent ocelli (Ref. 6885).
Usually in intertidal and subtidal rocky areas (Ref. 2850, 51666). Sometimes hides in crevices and tubeworms holes with only head protruding (Ref. 2850).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 4.9 - 11.6, mean 7.9 °C (based on 39 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00147 - 0.00981), b=3.16 (2.94 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).