Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes
(Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae
(Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Chimaera: Named for the mythological creature composed of parts of multiple animals, referring to their odd mix of characteristics. (See ETYFish); lignaria: Latin for of or belonging to wood, referring to Kevin J. Dagit, woodworker, carpenter and “supporter of research on chimaeroid fishes in his spare time” (Sharks: An Eponym Dictionary identifies Dagit [misspelled Dadit] as Didier’s son; he was, in f (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 400 - 1800 m (Ref. 45044), usually 800 - 1800 m (Ref. 45044). Deep-water
Pacific: New Zealand and Tasmania. Commonly collected from the fishing grounds of the Tasman Rise, Hikurangi Trough, Challenger Plateau, and Lord Howe Rise.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 100.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 142 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 45044)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Purplish color. Massive head with blunt snout. Preopercular and oral lateral line canals sharing a common branch. Males with bifurcated claspers, divided for the distal 1/3 of length, purple at the base with white fleshy tips. Skin firm and not deciduous.
Males and females reach sexual maturity at 60-70 cm BDL (usually 100 cm TL) (Ref. 45044). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are encased in horny shells (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Didier, D.A., 2002. Two new species of chimaeroid fishes from the southwestern Pacific Ocean (Holocephali, Chimaeridae). Ichthyol. Res. 49(4):299-306. (Ref. 45044)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion