Teleostei (teleosts) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Cheilodipterus: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, di = two + Greek, pteryx = fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 37816), usually 2 - 15 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical
Western Pacific: Japan south to Australia east to Solomon Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
(total): 6 - 7;
soft rays: 8. Differs from C. artus by having darker stripes and fewer gill rakers, and from C. macrodon by having narrower dark stripes (Ref. 37816). Similar to C. heptazona, but lacking yellow on snout, and C. octolineatus, but without black tip on dorsal fin. Juveniles and sub-adults with large yellow area on caudal peduncle with a small black spot in its center (Ref. 48635).
Occurs in reefs over sand or mud bottoms. Solitary in caves to 20 m depth (Ref. 48635).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Gon, O., 1993. Revision of the cardinalfish genus Cheilodipterus (Perciformes: Apogonidae), with description of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (22):59 p. (Ref. 8525)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.3 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 1645 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00225 - 0.01343), b=3.27 (3.06 - 3.48), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 91.6 [48.9, 148.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.654 [0.397, 1.080] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.7, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.0967 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.3 [13.6, 50.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 99 [35, 271] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.38 [0.94, 1.99] mg/100g (wet weight);