Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Catostomidae
(Suckers) > Catostominae
Etymology: Chasmistes: Greek, chanos, -eos, ous, and chasma, -atos = abyss, mouth opened, inmensity (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cope.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 41°N - 40°N
North America: Pyramid and Winnemucca lakes in Nevada, USA. International trade banned (CITES I, since 1.7.1975)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 67.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); max. published weight: 2.7 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 41 years (Ref. 47054)
Occurs in deep water. Spawns only around margin of Pyramid Lake in Nevada, USA but formerly made spectacular spawning runs up Truckee River in Nevada, USA. Populations were subject to intensive fishing in the 19th and early 20th century; habitats have been greatly altered by water development projects; species is now endangered (Ref. 47054).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00202 - 0.01186), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tm=14-17; Fec=30,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .