Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Crenuchidae
(South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335); nana: Named for Mariana Barreira Mendonça, the first author’s sister, known by her family and friends as 'Naná'. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
South America: Rio Xingu drainage and Rio Tapajós drainage in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 104905)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 10;
Vertebrae: 32 - 33. Characidium nana is diagnosed from all other species of Characidium, except C. bahiense, C. interruptum, C. laterale, C. mirim, C. nupelia, C. rachovii, C. stigmosum, and C. xavante by having short, incomplete lateral line, the lack of the inner dentary series of teeth, and the absence of the parietal branch of the supraorbital laterosensory canal. It differs from C. bahiense, C. interruptum, C. laterale and C. rachvoii by the absence of the adipose fin (vs. presence of adipose fin); from Characidium mirim and C. stigmosum by having a conspicuous dark blotch onto the caudal peduncle (vs. absence of caudal blotch); and from C. nupelia and C. xavante by possessing a broad, conspicuous dark midlateral stripe (vs. narrow, inconspicuous midlateral stripe). It is further distinguished from C. xavante by having 12 circumpeduncular scales (vs. 10) (Ref. 104905).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mendonça, M.B. and A.L. Netto-Ferreira, 2015. New species of Characidium (Characiformes: Crenuchidae) from the Rio Tapajós and Rio Xingu drainages, Pará, Brazil. Zootaxa 4021(1):187-194. (Ref. 104905)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .