Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Crenuchidae
(South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335); kamakan: Named for the Kamakã indigenous people that originally inhabited the area. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Rio Água Preta and rio Panelão, tributaries of the lower portion of rio Pardo basin, Bahia State, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116766)
Inhabits rapid water stretches within domain originally covered by the Atlantic Forest, posteriorly converted to cocoa plantations and more recently to cattle ranches, coffee, and rubber crops. Collected from the stretches of the rio Água Preta and rio Panelão at altitudes ranging from 162-184 m above sea level, with moderate to rapid water current, running over rock, pebbles and sand bottoms, 0.3-1.5 m deep, with rapids, pools, and meanders. Stomach contents of two specimens consisted of allochthonous and autochthonous items which included fragments of vascular plants, organic debris, insect larvae (Diptera: Chironomidae and other unidentified orders), and unidentified arthropods (Ref. 116766).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Zanata, A.M. and P. Camelier, 2015. Two new species of Characidium Reinhardt (Characiformes: Crenuchidae) from northeastern Brazilian coastal drainages. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 13(3):487-498. (Ref. 116766)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .