Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Somniosidae
Etymology: Centroselachus: centr[um] (L.), prickle or sharp point, referring to spines on both dorsal fins; selachos (Gr.), a cartilaginous fish (i.e., shark or ray). (See ETYFish); crepidater: crepida (L.), low shoe (e.g., slipper); ater (L.), black, transliteration of Portuguese vernacular sapata preta, black shoe, allusion not explained, possibly referring to superficial resemblance to a black velvet slipper [see also Deania calceus, Centrophoridae]. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 230 - 1500 m (Ref. 26346). Deep-water; 64°N - 57°S, 77°W - 159°W
Eastern Atlantic: Iceland, Faeroe Islands along Atlantic slope to Portugal, Senegal, Madeira, Gabon to Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia. Indian Ocean: Aldabra and the Travancore coast of India. Western Pacific: New South Wales, Australia and New Zealand. Southeast Pacific: northern Chile.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 75.4, range 82 - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6577); max. reported age: 54 years (Ref. 57506)
soft rays: 0. Black or blackish brown in color, dorsal fins with very small fin spines, very long snout, greatly elongated labial furrows that nearly encircle mouth, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with moderately long, oblique cusps, fairly slender body that does not taper abruptly from pectoral region, moderately large lateral trunk denticles with partly smooth, oval, cuspidate crowns in adults and subadults (Ref. 247).
A fairly common species found on continental and insular slopes (Ref. 6871), on or near the bottom (Ref. 5578). Feeds mainly on fish and cephalopods (Ref. 6871). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205), with 4-8 young in a litter (Ref. 6871), born at 28-35 cm (Ref. 26346). The flesh is high in mercury; utilized as fishmeal and source of squalene (Ref. 6871).
Ovoviviparous, with 4-8 young in a litter (Ref. 6871). Born at 28-35 cm (Ref. 26346). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Poisonous to eat (Ref. 6871)
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 2.6 - 10.8, mean 7.8 °C (based on 659 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00181 - 0.00505), b=3.12 (2.98 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=4-8, tmax=54, tm=9-15).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (78 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 5.64 [1.10, 30.50] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.287 [0.069, 0.959] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.1 [17.2, 22.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.277 [0.101, 0.885] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.1 [5.4, 54.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 12.2 [2.5, 62.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.29 [0.14, 0.57] mg/100g (wet weight);