Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Pomacanthidae
Etymology: Centropyge: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pyge = tail (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Metz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 5 - 138 m (Ref. 58302), usually 10 - ? m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 30°N - 17°N
Eastern Central Pacific: Johnston (Ref. 11013) and Hawaiian Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Bright orange with irregular, close-set, thin, vertical black stripes on body, head, and fins; the dorsal, caudal, and anal fins with bright blue margin; the pectoral and pelvic fins orange to bright yellow.
Inhabit rock, coral, or rubble areas of seaward reefs; juveniles occasionally in 5 m (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feed on algae and detritus (Ref. 13550). Oviparous (Ref. 240), monogamous (Ref. 52884). Peak reproductive activity occurs from mid-December through May. Spawn at dusk during the week before full moon (Ref. 4858).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pelagic spawner. Distinct pairing (Ref. 240). Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884).
Allen, G.R., 1985. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.8 - 25.5, mean 20.2 °C (based on 6 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03388 (0.01609 - 0.07135), b=2.88 (2.70 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.26 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 93.8 [55.1, 155.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.777 [0.502, 1.246] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.3, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.139 [0.084, 0.223] g/100g ; Selenium = 22.1 [11.8, 42.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 87.5 [25.7, 292.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.71 [1.12, 2.58] mg/100g (wet weight);