Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae
Etymology: Carcharhinus: karcharos (Gr.), sharp or jagged; rhinus, an ancient name for sharks, from rhine (Gr.), rasp, both words alluding to a shark's jagged, rasp-like skin. (See ETYFish); tjutjot: Indonesian word for shark (pronounced choo-choot). (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 89954). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Pacific: from Indonesia and Taiwan, including Borneo but not Australia and New Guinea. Not confirmed west of the Indo-Malay Peninsula.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 77.4, range 76 - 79 cm
Max length : 93.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89954); 91.8 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 113 - 129. This small species is distinguished by the following characters: snout relatively long and bluntly pointed; upper anterior teeth are oblique and blade-like, coarsely serrated, lateral margin deeply notched and with several large and serrated basal cusplets; lower anterior teeth are narrower, slightly oblique, lateral margins notched and without large basal serrae, finely serrated; total tooth row counts 26-28/24-30 rows or 51-55; interdorsal space often with a moderate to strong ridge, 19.4-22.0% TL; first dorsal fin is relatively low, not falcate, origin over middle of pectoral-fin inner margin, length 14.1-15.6% TL, 1.4-2.0 times height, inner margin 2.0-2.7 in base; second dorsal fin is much smaller, broadly triangular, height 29-37% of first dorsal fin height, origin slightly posterior of anal-fin origin; anal fin is slightly falcate, height 0.9-1.3 times second dorsal-fin height, base 0.9-1.2 times second dorsal-fin base; body colour pale brownish dorsally, whitish ventrally; second dorsal fin with a black blotch on upper third of fin, not extending onto upper surface of body and very well defined from whitish region below; other fins are mostly plain; total vertebral counts 113-129; monospondylous precaudal counts 37-44; diplospondylous precaudal counts 17-19; diplospondylous caudal counts 58-72; precaudal counts 55-63 (Ref. 89954).
An inshore species, likely to be found in less than 100 m depth (Ref. 89954). One female specimen contained 2 late-term embryos measuring 27.8 and 28.5 cm TL. Probable size at birth is between 34.0-38.0 cm TL (Ref. 89954).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
White, W.T., 2012. A redescription of Carcharhinus dussumieri and C. sealei, with resurrection of C. coatesi and C. tjutjot as valid species (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhinidae). Zootaxa 3241:1-34. (Ref. 89954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00221 - 0.01036), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary low fecundity).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (57 of 100).