Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Torinae
Etymology: Carasobarbus: Latinization of , karass, karausche, European crucian carp + Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Eurasia: streams and lakes of the Jordan River basin (Ref. 11028, 94477) and coastal rivers of the Mediterranean Sea in Israel (Ref. 94477). Introduced in Azraq Oasis in Jordan, but this population may have disappeared due to drought (Ref 94477).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 22 - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13609); 66.0 cm TL (female); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13609)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9-10. Diagnosis: D IV, 9-10; A 2-3/6; lateral line scales (29) 30-33; circumpeduncular scales 12 or 14. Upper profile convex, lower one almost straight; Body depth 24.5-29.8 % of SL. Snout narrowed anteriorly, sometimes almost pointed; in large-sized specimens it is about twice the length of the eye diameter. Lower lip smooth and without median lobe. The anterior pair of barbels is absent in most specimens, may be present but rudimentary (Ref. 57642).
Lives in small and wide streams and in lakes and ponds. Feeds on invertebrates and small fish. Spawns in June to September in shallow water over gravel.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Krupp, F. and W. Schneider, 1989. The fishes of the Jordan River drainage basin and Azraq Oasis. p. 347-416. In Fauna of Saudi Arabia. vol. 10. (Ref. 13609)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00422 - 0.02065), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.48 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=5,400).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .