Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
() > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 200 m (Ref. 26999), usually ? - 100 m (Ref. 26999). Tropical; 25°N - 20°S
Eastern Atlantic: west coast of Africa, from Mauritania to Southern Angola (Ref. 57392).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 21.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999)
soft rays: 17 - 18. Diagnosis: body elongate (depth comprised 2.4-3.2 times in fork length); head ogival; snout slightly pointed; end of upper jaw extending to below centre of eye; 2 dorsal fins, 1st with 8 spines, 2nd with 1 spine and 20-21 soft rays; anal fin with 2 spines, followed by 1 spine and 17-18 soft rays; anterior lobes of dorsal and anal fins strongly developed, falciform, longer than head; pectoral fins falcate, longer than head; scales small and cycloid (Ref. 57392). Chest entirely scaleless (Ref. 57392, 81654). Posterior (straight) part of lateral line with 40-45 scutes; bilateral caudal keels present (Ref. 57392).
Coloration: back bluish-grey, sides and belly silvery-white to yellowish; in adults, vertical fins grey, other fins colourless; in juveniles, anal and caudal fins yellowish (Ref. 57392).
Inhabits coastal waters (Ref. 2683). Pelagic species that may enter estuaries and lagoons (Ref. 57391). Feeds on fish, crabs and shrimps (Ref. 28587). Maximum total length reported as 500mm in Ref. 57392.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F. and F.H. Berry, 1981. Carangidae. In W. Fischer, G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic (fishing areas 34, 47 (in part) . Vol. 1. (Ref. 3195)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16.1 - 25.8, mean 19.7 °C (based on 66 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00814 - 0.03709), b=2.95 (2.78 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.67 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .