Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae
(Puffers) > Canthigasterinae
Etymology: Canthigaster: Greek, kanthos = the outer or inner corner of the eye, where the lids meet, 1646 + Greek, gaster = stomach (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lowe.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 20 m (Ref. 104836), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 40°N - 14°N, 29°W - 13°W
Eastern Central Atlantic: known from oceanic islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9. Absence of dark stripe extending anteriorly from the ventral caudal fin margin onto the caudal peduncle or flank; presence of a horizontal dark stripe extending from the dorsal caudal fin margin anteriorly to the pectoral fin base; absence of a conspicuous (larger than eye) spot slightly ahead and below dorsal fin base; absence of bars on the caudal fin (Ref. 43205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Moura, R.L. and R.M.C. Castro, 2002. Revision of Atlantic sharpnose pufferfishes (Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae: Canthigaster), with description of three new species. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 115(1):32-50. (Ref. 43205)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.7 - 24.3, mean 20.2 °C (based on 67 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02818 (0.01196 - 0.06644), b=2.94 (2.73 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.15 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 422 [139, 1,147] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.14 [0.56, 2.68] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [15.5, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.217 [0.080, 0.574] g/100g ; Selenium = 11.9 [3.9, 36.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 586 [131, 2,646] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.82 [1.51, 5.14] mg/100g (wet weight);