Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Callechelys: Greek, kalos, kallos = beautiful + Greek, enchelys, -yos = eel (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 37 m (Ref. 27478). Tropical; 16°N - 32°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea (Ref. 33390) and East Africa to the Society Islands, north to Taiwan (Ref. 48448), south to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 87.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
Vertebrae: 174 - 183. Yellowish white, speckled and spotted with darker coalescing spots (Ref. 3972).
Inhabits shallow areas, beneath loose gravel and sand (Ref. 1602); also in lagoons and seaward sand patches, solitary in sand, head usually protruding (Ref 90102). It is usually collected from over sand and rock bottoms using ichthyocides, from tide pools depths to 37 m (Ref. 27478).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McCosker, J.E., 1998. A revision of the snake-eel genus Callechelys (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae) with the description of two new Indo-Pacific species and a new Callechelyin genus. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 50(7):185-215. (Ref. 27478)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 28.8, mean 27.7 °C (based on 464 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00126 (0.00052 - 0.00302), b=2.91 (2.70 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 42.1 [24.5, 70.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.498 [0.317, 0.782] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [17.5, 22.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.118 [0.057, 0.304] g/100g ; Selenium = 54.1 [31.2, 99.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 35.4 [10.4, 111.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1 [1, 1] mg/100g (wet weight);