Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Diceratiidae
(Double anglers (Ref. 07463) or Doublespine Seadevils (Ref. 86949))
Etymology: Bufoceratias: Latin, bufo or bufonis = toad + Greek, keras or keratos = horn, horned (referring to the hornlike lure projecting from the head) (Ref. 86949); shaoi: Named in honor of Dr. Shao Kwang-Tsao, Research Fellow of the Institute of Zoology, Academic Sinica, Taiwan, Republic of China, in recognition of his many contributions to fishery science and ichthyology of Taiwan (Ref. 51070)
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range - 1200 m (Ref. 51070), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique Channel. Western Pacific: off the northeast coast of Taiwan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.1 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4. Metamorphosed females differs from Bufoceratias wedli and Bufoceratias thele in having a considerably shorter illicium (25-40% standard length versus 83-225% standard length) and a much larger and more complex esca (Ref. 51070).
Males and larvae unknown (Ref. 51070). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pietsch, T.W., H.-C. Ho and H.-M. Chen, 2004. Revision of the deep-sea anglerfish genus Bufoceratias Whitley (Lophiiformes: Ceratioidei: Diceratiidae), with description of a new species from the Indo-West Pacific Ocean. Copeia 2004(1):98-107. (Ref. 51070)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.3 - 18.3, mean 13.3 °C (based on 110 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6406 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .