Teleostei (teleosts) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobionellinae
Etymology: Buenia: Taken from Odon de Buen y del Cos, politician and Spanish naturalist; 1863-1945.
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 330 m (Ref. 35388). Temperate; 70°N - 44°N, 27°W - 16°E
Eastern Atlantic: southwest Iceland and Foldenfjord, Norway to Brittany and Celtic Sea, excluding southern North Sea. Also recorded from Banyuls, western Mediterranean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4696)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 5 - 6;
soft rays: 7 - 8. Sub-orbital papillae with rows around the lower edge of orbit. Anterior and posterior oculoscapular, and preopercular head canals present, but not expanded and without numerous pores. Anterior nostril a short tube, lacking process from rim. Second ray of first dorsal fin elongate in males. Vertebrae 30.
Found usually offshore, 5-330 m on sand, mud, shell debris, gravel and corallines. Feeds on young fish (Ref. 92840). Eggs found in mollusk shells, guarded by male (Ref. 42425). Eggs are pear-shaped (Ref. 4696).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs found in mollusc shells, guarded by male.
Miller, P.J., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 7 - 11.7, mean 9.2 °C (based on 381 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00391 - 0.01407), b=3.09 (2.93 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.54 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fecundity assumed <1000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 129 [71, 411] mg/100g; Iron = 0.714 [0.323, 1.537] mg/100g; Protein = 17.7 [15.6, 19.4] %; Omega3 = 0.876 [0.349, 2.018] g/100g; Selenium = 11.6 [4.9, 29.7] μg/100g; VitaminA = 39.8 [9.1, 160.8] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.952 [0.596, 1.505] mg/100g (wet weight);