Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Brachysomophis: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, soma = body + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335); atlanticus: Named for its location of capture.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Atlantic: off Senegal and Gulf of Guinea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4455)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 114 - 117. A slender species with tail 48-50% and head 13-15% of TL; dorsal fin arising above gill openings; pectoral fins slender, not elongate, about 6.2-6.5 times in HL; snout short, about 3.6 in jaw; jaws elongate, about 2.6 in head; nostrils in short tubes in upper lip and closely associated; labial fringe present but poorly developed on both jaws; center of eye behind anterior 1/3 of jaw; interorbital space and top of head flat; head pores apparent; free sensory neuromasts not visible on nape; teeth conical, largest in ethmoidal region of intermaxilla, followed by 6 linear vomerine teeth; maxillary teeth biserial, teeth of inner row larger but the row shorter in length; mandibular teeth uniserial and small, largest anteriorly (Ref. 42180).
Burrows in sand and mud on the continental shelf (Ref. 4455).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McCosker, J.E. and J.E. Randall, 2001. Revision of the snake-eel genus Brachysomophis (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae), with description of two new species and comments on the species of Mystriophis. Indo-Pac. Fish. (33):1-32. (Ref. 42180)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00054 - 0.00308), b=2.92 (2.72 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .