Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae
Etymology: Bathyraja: Greek, bathys = deep + Latin, raja, -ae = a ray (Raja sp) (Ref. 45335); sexoculata: Named for the color pattern of the species, the six white blotches (ocelli) on the dorsal disc..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 150 m (Ref. 123274). Temperate
Northwest Pacific: Simushir Island, Kuril Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 123274); 28.6 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This medium-sized species (ca. max. size 80.0 cm TL, 55.0 cm DW) is distinguished by the following set of characters: dorsal ground color is reddish-brown or greenish-brown, with three pairs of white blotches on disc located beside eyes, and on shoulders and posterior half of disc; lateral margin of tail with 4 or 5 pairs of white blotches located at the tail origin, midpoint, D1 origin, and on inter-dorsal space; ventral surface is almost entirely white; dark blotch around cloaca, dark bands along mid ventral line of tail; dorsal surface of disc with a single scapular thorn, 3-4 nuchal thorns; tail with 20-24 regularly arranged thorns; the median row of thorns discontinuous, no mid-dorsal thorns; orbital thornlets along medial rim of orbit; dorsal surface of disc and tail with fine prickles; prickle band on mid-disc extending along sides of tail; prickles on pectoral fin base relatively sparse; ventral surface is uniformly smooth; disc width 63.1-65.6% TL, length 50.6-53.5% TL; anterior projection (snout to maximum width) 29.7-32.2% TL; head length (dorsal aspect) 18.9-20.6% TL; snout broad and moderately short, preoral length 11.1-14.1% TL, supported by slender, flexible unsegmented cartilage; snout angle 103-119º; eyes rather large with eye diameter 0.22-0.24 times head length, 1.00-1.11 times between orbits; tail relatively long (but shorter than disc width), length 51.5-54.1% TL and 0.79-0.86 times DW, width at first dorsal fin origin 3..8-4.2% tail length; predorsal caudal vertebrae 86-93 (Ref. 123274).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Misawa, R., A.M. Orlov, S.Y. Orlova, I.I. Gordeev, H. Ishihara, T. Hamatsu, Y. Ueda, K. Fujiwara, H. Endo and Y. Kai, 2020. Bathyraja (Arctoraja) sexoculata sp. nov., a new softnose skate (Rajiformes: Arhynchobatidae) from Simushir Island, Kuril Islands (western North Pacific), with special reference to geographic variations in Bathyraja (Arctoraja) smirnovi. Zootaxa 4861(4):515-543. (Ref. 123274)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00315 - 0.01154), b=3.12 (2.96 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100).