Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae
Etymology: Bathyraja: Greek, bathys = deep + Latin, raja, -ae = a ray (Raja sp) (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 500 - 3000 m (Ref. ), usually 1000 - 2000 m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 19°S - 56°S, 72°W - 40°W
Southeast Pacific and Southwest Atlantic: Chile (Ref. 27540) and off the mouth of Río de la Plata, Argentina (Ref. 26282).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Holotype taken from a depth of 1,000 m (Ref. 26282). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205). Depth range assumed from two records (1000 and 2000 m) (RF).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).
McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.8 - 3.8, mean 2.4 °C (based on 142 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00253 - 0.01042), b=3.12 (2.95 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (78 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 7.7 [1.4, 25.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.185 [0.044, 0.486] mg/100g ; Protein = 14.8 [12.7, 17.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.428 [0.163, 1.340] g/100g ; Selenium = 14.3 [3.8, 42.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 23.9 [5.2, 108.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.29 [0.14, 0.61] mg/100g (wet weight);